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Eanes ISD

Kindergarten Physical Science

 

Understandings:

  • Magnetism is a force that interacts with different materials in different ways.
  • The location of an object is described in relation to another object.
  • Evidence of light, sound, and thermal energy can be observed through the five senses.
  • Objects move in many different ways.
  • Tools can be used for observations and investigations.
  • Objects can be described by the materials they are made of and by their physical properties.
  • Materials can be changed by heating and cooling

    TEKS:

Content Standards:

  • K.5A (R) Observe and record properties of objects, including bigger or smaller, heavier or lighter, shape, color, and texture
  • K.6A (R) Use the senses to explore different forms of energy such as light, thermal, and sound
  • K.6C (R) Observe and describe the location of an object in relation to another such as above, below, behind, in front of, and beside
  • K.5B (S) Observe, record, and discuss how materials can be changed by heating or cooling
  • K.6B (S) Explore interactions between magnets and various materials
  • K.6D (S) Observe and describe the ways that objects can move such as in a straight line, zigzag, up and down, back and forth, round and round, and fast and slow

Process Standards (ongoing):

  • K.1A Identify, discuss, and demonstrate safe and healthy practices as outlined in TEA - approved safety standards during classroom and outdoor investigations, including wearing safety goggles or chemical splash googles as appropriate, washing hands, and using materials appropriately
  • K.1B Demonstrate how to use, conserve, and dispose of natural resources and materials such as conserving water and reusing or recycling paper, plastic and metal
  • K.2A Ask questions about organisms, objects, and events observed in the natural world
  • K.2B Plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations
  • K.2C Collect data and make observations using simple tools
  • K.2D Record and organize data and observations using pictures, numbers, and words
  • K.2E Communicate observations about simple descriptive investigations
  • K.3A Identify and explain a problem such as the impact of littering and propose a solution
  • K.3B Make predictions based on observable patterns in nature
  • K.3C Explore that scientists investigate different things in the natural world and use tools to help in their investigations
  • K.4A Collect information using tools, including computing devices, hand lenses, primary balances, cups, bowls, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices; non-standard measuring items; weather instruments such as demonstration thermometers; and materials to support observations of habitats of organisms such as terrariums and aquariums
  • K.4B Use the senses as tool of observation to identify properties and patterns of organisms, objects, and events in the environment


Throughout the year:

  • K.8B (R) Identify events that have repeating patterns, including seasons of the year and day and night
  • K.8A (S) Observe and describe weather changes from day to day and over seasons
  • K.8C (S) Observe, describe, and illustrate objects in the sky such as clouds, Moon, and stars, including the sun
  • K.10D (S) Observe changes that are part of a simple life cycle of a plant: seed, seedling, plant, flower, and fruit

    Learning Targets:

  • I can observe changes in materials that have been heated and cooled.K.5B (S)
  • I can record changes in materials that have been heated and cooled. K.5B (S)
  • I can talk about changes in materials that have been heated and cooled. K.5B (S)
  • I can use my five senses to explore light, heat, and sound. K.6A (R)
  • I can explore how magnets interact with other materials. K.6B (S)
  • I can observe the location of an object. I can tell about the location of an object.K.6C (R)
  • I can observe the ways that an object moves. K.6D (S)
  • I can tell about the ways that an object moves. K.6D (S)

Throughout the Year

  • I can observe weather changes. K.8A (S)
  • I can tell about weather changes. K.8A (S)
  • I can identify events that have repeating patterns. K.8B (R)
  • I can observe objects in the sky. K.8C (S)
  • I can tell about the objects in the sky. K.8C (S)
  • I can illustrate the objects in the sky. K.8C (S)
  • I can observe the life cycle of a plant. K.10D (S)

Essential Questions:

  • How does a magnet interact with different materials?
  • What are the different ways a magnet can interact with another magnet?
  • Do you need light to see an object?
  • What do you feel when an object produces sound?
  • What words can you use to describe where an object is?
  • How do you make something move or stay still?
  • How can you describe how the object moved?
  • How do you think this object will move? Why?
  • How can you use your senses to describe the properties of an object?
  • What words can you use to describe your object(s)?
  • How are the objects the same or different?
  • What causes materials to change?
  • How did the materials change when they were heated or cooled?

     

Misconceptions:

  • All materials melt in the same way.
  • All metals are magnetic.
  • Magnetism is a form of energy (it is actually a force).
  • Larger magnets are stronger than smaller magnets.
  • Sound can be produced without the object vibrating.
  • Many students think that even when there is no available light source such as in a dark cave their eyes will “adjust” so they can see the object. (Light must be reflected off of objects or produced by the object to be seen.)
  • Students also think that light is only reflected off of shiny objects like mirrors. (All objects that you see are reflecting light, producing light, or both.)
  • Many students believe that light travels from our eyes so we can see (when light must actually travel form the object to our eyes).

    Vocabulary:
    Forms of Energy: energy, light, sound, thermal
    Senses: senses, hearing, sight, touch, taste, smell
    Properties of Matter: bigger/smaller, change, color, cool, freeze, heat, lighter/heavier, melt property, shape, size, texture
    Magnets: attract, magnet, materials, pull
    Location: above, behind, below, beside, in front of, location, position, relation
    Motion: back and forth, fast and slow, motion (move), round and round, straight line, up and down, zigzag

 

Assessment:

FOSS Materials in Our World Performance Assessment (Excluding Rocks and Soil Components)